The sea at Giao Thuy, Nam Dinh
The sea at Giao Thuy, Nam Dinh

Xuan Thuy National Park, Nam Dinh

Xuan Thuy National Park is in Giao Thuy District, Nam Dinh Province. The national park was the first one in Vietnam registered to the List of Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance by the UNESCO. The national park covers an area of 12,000 hectares.

The Xuan Thuy National Park includes mudflats, salt marshes, sand dunes and mangrove forest on the estuary of the Red River where the river discharges its water into the East Sea. The national park has a relatively warm and dry winter from October through March with temperatures mostly between 14-22oC.

The flora at the national park includes mangrove (kandelia candel , sea holly, mangrove apple ), seagrasses (disappeared in 2000), Cassuarina forest,…

The fauna at the national park includes a wide variety of fish species and especially birds.

Thanks to the warm winter, mangrove forest and abundant food that the Xuan Thuy National Park is an extremely important natural habitat as well as a stopover place for migratory bird species. The best time for birding or bird watching at the National Park is from October through March, during this time there are over 200 bird species here which include native birds and visiting birds which come here to get away from their usual cold-winter environment.

In the summer months there are several native birds like yellow-breasted Bunting, Fairy Pitta, different kingfisher species...

Bird species at the Giao Thuy National Park
Common kingfisher (Bồng chanh thường, chim bói cá sông, Alcedo athis)
Black-faced spoonbill (Cò thìa mặt đen)
Chinese egret (Cò trắng Trung Quốc, Egretta eulophotes)
Nordmann's greenshank (Choắt lớn mỏ vàng, Tringa guttifer)
Saunders's gull (Mòng biển mỏ ngắn, Chroicocephalus saundersi)

Spot-billed pelican (Bồ nông chân xám, Pelecanus philippensis)
Spoon-billed sandpiper (Rẽ mỏ thìa, Calidris pygmeus)
Asian dowitcher (Choắt chân màng lớn, Limnodromus semipalmatus)
Black-tailed godwit (Choắt mỏ thẳng đuôi đen Limosa limosa)
Spotted redshank (Choắt chân đỏ, Tringa erythropus)

Eurasian curlew (Choắt mỏ cong lớn, Numenius arquata)
Marsh sandpiper (Choắt đốm đen, Tringa stagnatilis)
Grey-headed lapwing (Te vàng, Vanellus cinereus)

Japanese Quail (Cay Nhật bản, Coturnix japonica)
Greylag goose (Ngỗng xám, Anser anser)
Common shelduck (Vịt khoang, Tadorna tadorna)
Gadwall (Vịt cánh trắng, Anas strepera)
Falcated duck (Vịt lưỡi liềm, Anas falcata)

Eurasian wigeon (Vịt đầu vàng, Mareca penelope)
Mallard (Vịt cổ xanh, Anas platyrhynchos)
Spot-billed Duck (Vịt giời, Vịt mỏ đốm, Anas poecilorhyncha)
Northern shoveler (Vịt mỏ thìa, Anas clypeata)
Northern pintail (Vịt mốc, Anas acuta)

Garganey (Mòng két mày trắng, Anas querquedula)
The Eurasian teal, common teal, or Eurasian green-winged teal (Mồng két, Anas crecca)
Common pochard (Vịt đầu đỏ, Aythya ferina)
Baer's pochard (Vịt đầu đen, Aythya baeri)
Tufted Duck (Vịt mào, Aythya fuligula)
Red-breasted Merganser (Vịt mỏ nhọn ngực đỏ, Mergus serrator)

Common buttonquail, Kurrichane buttonquail, small buttonquail, or Andalusian hemipode (Cun cút, Turnix sylvaticus)
Eurasian wryneck (Vẹo cổ, Jynx torquilla)
Oriental dollarbird (Yểng quạ, Eurystomus orientalis)

White-throated kingfisher (Sả đầu nâu, Halcyon smyrnensis)
Collared kingfisher (Sả khoang cổ, Todiramphus chloris)
Black-capped kingfisher (Sả đầu đen, Halcyon pileata, Todiramphus chloris)
Pied kingfisher (Bói cá nhỏ, Ceryle rudis)
Blue-tailed bee-eater (Trảu ngực nâu, Merops philippinus)

Tours at the Xuan Thuy National Park
AdventureGreen organizes bird watching tours and ornithological tours at the Xuan Thuy National Park. A trip is for 2 days, 1 night from Hanoi. Accommodation on the trip is at the national park guesthouse with basic facilities.

We also arrange nature tours and eco adventure tours for you to explore the national park as well as the nearby local communities. These trips range from 1 day to 7 days from Hanoi. Accommodation is at local families.

Accommodation at the Xuan Thuy National Park
There are basic guesthouses at the national park, hotels and homestay in the nearby villages and town which are 8-15km away from the national park.

How to get around the national park
The national park includes mostly flooded land by the sea and traveling by boat is the most convenient way. A part from that you can travel around the region by hired scooters or bicycles.

How to get to the Xuan Thuy National Park
The Xuan Thuy National Park is 60km south of Nam Dinh City and 160km southeast of Hanoi. The road from Nam Dinh City to the national park is small but in fair conditions.