Pu Mat National Park, Nghe An
Pu Mat National Park, Nghe An

Pu Mat National Park, Nghe An

The Pu Mat National Park stretches in the districts of Anh Son, Tuong Duong and Con Cuong of Nghe An Province, north of the Central Coast of Vietnam. The national park is 120km west of Vinh City and 360km southwest of Hanoi.

 Pu Mat National Park is named after the highest mountain peak (1,841m) in the area. The core zone of the national park is 94,800 hectares and the buffer zone is 86,000 hectares. The terrain is dissected by mountains and valleys with steep grades. Most of the terrain has the average altitudes ranging from 200m to 1,000m. There are several rivers, waterfalls, lakes,.. in the national park area (Ca, Khe Choang, Khe Kem, Khe Thoi, Khe Khang,...).

The Pu Mat National Park has a tropical monsoon climate with strong influence of the Northeasterly Monsoon (December – February) and Southwesterly Monsoon (foehn wind, April – July). The former could make the temperatures in the national park below 20oC in the winter months and the latter makes the air dry and hot which could reach 43oC in the summer. The coldest months are December, January and the hottest months are April, May, June, July and August.

It may rain a lot in the national park in late August, September, October and sometimes November which often cause floods and landslides. While it may be extremely dry from February through April. The average annual rainfall is 1,800mm.

The population inhabits in the national park includes Kinh, Hmong, Thai, Kho Mu, Dan Lai, Poong, O Du, Tay…of which the Thai accounts for almost 67%. Most of the communities are very poor and rely on agriculture or forestry.

The forests in the national park include rain forest, tropical forest and primeval forest, shrubbery and grasslands.

The Pu Mat National Park is home to 2,500m floral species and 1,121 faunal species. There are 132 animal species, 361 bird species, 33 amphibian species, 53 reptile species, 83 fish species, 459 butterfly species, 78 ant species, 1,084 insect species…

Flora at the Pu Mat National Park
Magnolia family;
Conifer (Thông, Pinophyta);
Dipterocarpus (Dầu, Dipterocarpaceae);
Crepe myrtle (Chi Bằng lăng, Tử vi, Lythraceae);
Indian-almond (Bàng, Combretaceae);
Madder family (coffee, Rubiaceae);
Spurges (Họ Đại kích, Thầu Dầu, Euphorbiaceae);
Laurels (Chi Quế, Lauraceae);
Beech family (Dẻ, Fagaceae)

Fauna at the Pu Mat National Park
Heude's pig (Chào Vao, Sus bucculentus)
Saola (Vu Quang ox, spindlehorn, Asian unicorn, the Vu Quang bovid, Pseudoryx nghetinhensis)
Giant muntjac (Mang lớn, Megamuntiacus vuquangensis)
Red-shanked douc (Chà vá chân đỏ, Pygathrix nemaeus)
Northern white-cheeked gibbon (Vượn má vàng, Vượn má trang, Hylobates leucogenys)
Phayre's leaf monkey (Voọc xám, Trachypithecus phayrei)
Annamite striped rabbit (Thỏ vằn Trường Sơn, Nesolagus timminsi)
Owston's palm civet (Cầy vằn bắc, Chrotogale owstoni)

Birds at the Pu Mat National Park
Crested argus (Trĩ sao, Rheinardia ocellata)
Short-tailed scimitar babbler (Khướu mỏ dài, Jabouilleia danjoui)
Pheasant (Gà lôi)

Tourist attractions and things to do at the Pu Mat National Park
- The Khe Kem Waterfall is a sublime waterfall of 150m height. The waterfall is 25km from Con Cuong Township.
- Camping at Khe Bu Valley.
- Trekking at the Pu Long Mountain (6-8 hours).
- The Crepe Myrtle Forest (Sang Le, Bằng lăng, Lagerstroemiatomentsa Presl) is in Tam Dinh Commune, Tuong Duong District (40km from the national park headquarters).
- Boat trip on the Giang River (20km from the national park headquarters).
- Hiking in the tropical rainforest.
- Birding in the national park;
- Visiting ethnic villages and learning about their untouched traditional cultures.

Adventure tours, nature tours and bird watching tours at the Pu Mat National Park
AdventureGreen offer adventure tours and bird watching tours at the Pu Mat National Park. The tours take 4 days (3 nights) or 3 days (2 nights) from Hanoi.

Accommodation at the Pu Mat National Park
The national park guesthouse has 35 rooms with basic facilities.